Bioremediation is the act of using organisms such as bacteria and plants in order to naturally get rid of hazardous waste. The idea is that it mimics and enhances the natural process of biodegradation that takes place in the environment. This can be for a variety of purposes and for a number of different materials. It is an important choice and key part of the soil and waste remediation process. Bioremediation of a contaminated site typically works in one of two ways. Ways are found to enhance the growth of whatever pollution-eating microbes might already be living at the contaminated site. In the second, less common case, specialized microbes are added to degrade the contaminants.
Anyone beginning the process must know which type is appropriate. Given the situation, in-situ or ex-situ treatment and remediation may make the most sense.
1. In-situ bioremediation: In this process, the bioremediation takes place in the subsurface like the groundwater or soil. Some advantages of this type are lower costs, total elimination of the contaminants, and lower risk factor to those around it. This is also less invasive with limited human involvement. That said, the surrounding environment can impact the ability to transform the hazardous materials, and it hast to be monitored closely and consistently.
2. Ex-situ bioremediation: An alternative to in-situ, this process puts the tainted soil in above-ground treatment area and eliminates contaminants using the indigenous microbial population. The result is ideally water and carbon dioxide. Oxygen is a very important part of this process as it is key to the growth of the good bacteria, so the excavation methods are therefore that much more important. This method has proven time and again to be effective but is not as versatile as it may not work on certain metals and soils.
Environmental remediation solves the problems associated with lead buildup. By hiring a professional company to come in and clean up the lead in your soil, you’ll know that your land is safe for use again. What does environmental remediation accomplish? It begins with removing the physical lead from the area: cleaning out any lead left over from the original source and removing it from the area so that it won’t leech into the soil and groundwater. After that, the soil is treated with our patented ECOBOND® technology, then replaced in the affected area. ECOBOND® removes the lead from the soil and makes it safe for use. MT2 has years of proven success in the bioremediation of many different environments for gun ranges as well as other sites. Contact us to the needs of your project. image source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biodegradation